What is the fundamental principle in the construction of statutes?

The Federal Court has recently held in PP v Sa'ari Jusoh [2007] 2 CLJ 197 that it is a fundamental principle in the construction of statutes that the whole and every part of the statute must be considered in the determination of the meaning of any of its parts. In the subsequent Federal Court case of Sri Bangunan Sdn Bhd v Majlis Perbandaran Pulau Pinang & Anor [2007] 5 AMR 541, it was held by the apex court that in construing a statute, the duty of the court is limited to interpreting the words used by the Legislature and to give effect to the words used by it. The court is not entitled to read words into a statute unless clear reason for it is to be found in the statute itself.

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